Gingivoplasty, also known as gum contouring or gum enhancement, is a cosmetic dental procedure that involves reshaping and repositioning the gums to improve the appearance of your smile. It is often used in conjunction with other cosmetic procedures such as teeth whitening or veneers to achieve desired results.

In this guide, we will discuss everything you need to know about gingivoplasty, from what it is and why it’s done to the recovery process and potential risks.

What is Gingivoplasty?

Gingivoplasty is a type of gum surgery that aims to improve the appearance of your gums. It involves gum contouring.

So, what is gum contouring? It is the removal of excess gum tissue or reshaping of existing gum tissue to create a more symmetrical and aesthetic gum line. This procedure can also correct a “gummy smile”, where the gums cover too much of the teeth when smiling.

Reasons for Gingivoplasty

There are several reasons why someone may choose to undergo gingivoplasty. Here are some:

Aesthetic Purposes

Gingivoplasty is commonly used to improve the appearance of a person’s smile. Excess gum tissue can make teeth appear smaller and less prominent.

This leads to an uneven or “gummy” smile. By reshaping the gums, gingivoplasty can enhance the overall look and symmetry of your smile.

Functional Purposes

In some cases, excess gum tissue can cause functional issues. This may include difficulty in cleaning teeth or obstructing the proper placement of dental restorations. By removing excess gum tissue, gingivoplasty can improve oral hygiene and facilitate the placement of dental work.

Other Dental Procedures

Gingivoplasty is often done in conjunction with other cosmetic dental procedures to achieve the desired outcome. For example, if you are getting veneers, your dentist may recommend gingivoplasty to create a more natural-looking result. Gingivoplasty exposes more of the tooth’s surface, allowing for the placement of crowns or veneers.

The Gingivoplasty Procedure

It’s important to note that gingivoplasty is a surgical procedure and should only be performed by a trained and experienced dentist. Here are the general steps involved in the gingivoplasty process

Consultation and Planning

Before undergoing gingivoplasty, you will have a consultation with your dentist to discuss the procedure. Your dentist will examine your mouth and gums, take measurements, and create a treatment plan that is tailored to your specific needs.


Gingivoplasty can be performed under local anesthesia, which numbs the area being treated. Alternatively, general anesthesia may be used for more extensive or complex cases. This will ensure a comfortable experience for the patient.

Reshaping the Gums

Using specialized tools, such as a scalpel or laser, your skilled dentist will carefully remove any excess gum tissue. This precise technique allows them to reshape the remaining tissue. This will create a more aesthetically pleasing gum line contour.

By utilizing a laser, they can achieve even greater precision and aid in quicker healing of the treated area. Rest assured, with the expertise of your dentist and the advanced techniques employed, you can expect exceptional results and improved oral health.

Smoothing and Polishing

Once the desired shape and size of the gums are achieved, your dentist will smooth and polish the gum line for a natural finish. This may also involve removing any rough edges or excess tissue.


After the gums have been reshaped, your dentist will close the incisions with dissolvable stitches. These will typically dissolve within a week or two, and you won’t need to have them removed.

Postoperative Care and Recovery

After the procedure, your dentist will provide you with instructions for postoperative care to aid in the healing process. This may include taking pain medication, using a special mouthwash, and avoiding certain foods that could irritate the gums.

Recovery and Aftercare

Recovery from gingivoplasty is generally quick and straightforward. Here are what you can expect:

Minimal Discomfort

You may experience some discomfort, soreness, swelling, or minor bleeding in the days following the procedure. This can be managed with over-the-counter pain medication and will typically subside within a week.

Diet Restrictions

You may need to avoid certain foods that could irritate your gums while they heal. These may include spicy, crunchy, or hard foods. Your dentist will provide you with a list of foods to avoid and for how long.

Oral Hygiene

It’s crucial to maintain proper oral hygiene during the recovery period. Your dentist may recommend specific oral care practices to promote healing. This can include using a special mouthwash or gently brushing your teeth until the stitches dissolve.

Follow-up Appointments

Your dentist will schedule follow-up appointments to monitor your healing progress and remove any remaining sutures if necessary. This is also an opportunity to discuss any concerns or questions you may have.

Risks and Complications

As with any surgical procedure, there are some risks and potential complications associated with gingivoplasty. These may include:

Bleeding and Swelling

Some amount of bleeding and swelling is normal after gingivoplasty. However, excessive bleeding or prolonged swelling may indicate a problem.


Following postoperative care instructions can help minimize the risk of infection. However, if you experience signs of infection such as severe pain, fever, or discharge from the surgical site, contact your dentist immediately.

Changes in Sensation

In rare cases, gingivoplasty may cause changes in sensation, such as numbness or hypersensitivity. They may be more sensitive to hot or cold temperatures temporarily after the procedure. These typically resolve on their own over time.

Uneven Gum Line

While rare, there is a possibility of an uneven gum line after gingivoplasty. This may require additional procedures to correct.

Exploring Gingivoplasty and More

Gingivoplasty is a safe and effective procedure that can improve the appearance of your smile and address functional issues with your gums. If you are considering this procedure, be sure to consult with a qualified dentist to discuss your options and ensure the best possible outcome.

With proper care and follow-up appointments, you can enjoy a beautiful, symmetrical smile for years to come. Remember, maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for long-term success!